ES 322.3 European and Asian Values Compared (GER) -Johannes Ch, Abdieva A, Arykbaeva D.

ES 322.3 European and Asian Values Compared (GER) -Johannes Ch, Abdieva A, Arykbaeva D.

November 20, 2014

Amerikanische Universitat in Zentralasien


Course Syllabus


Course:                                           European Asian Values Compared (GER)

Course Organizer:                         Johannes Chudoba, Asel Abdieva, Diana Arykbaeva


Department:                                    European Studies

Academic Year 2014/2015


Course description

The course “European and Asian Values Compared” adopts a historical and comparative approach to the study of contemporary European and Asian values in politics and society.

The question of common values is at the core of the challenges of European integration and inter-state cooperation, the European Union, the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation, are faced with. The most important and advanced project of European integration is the EU. The course will, therefore, mainly focus on its values and their concretization in EU integration, external action and enlargement. The course will then look into the role of the Council of Europe and the OSCE in maintaining and promoting European values. Moreover, the question of how European values compare to other civilizations’ and major partners’ values.

However, the seminar seeks to enable students to reflect in an informed and critical way upon the European or western values debate looking into competing projects like the Asian value debate originating from South-East Asia. It will also help students to place current socio-political values of macro-regions within their broader historical, geographical, economic and political contexts.

Course objectives

  • To learn about basic European values, Asian values, and Central Asian values in their evolution and realization
  • To improve understanding of EU’s internal and external policies
  • To enable students to recognize and analyse the values of countries and multilateral organizations
  • To make aware of the importance of common values for regional cooperation and integration
  • To provide better understanding of the role, functioning, and perspectives of EU, Council of Europe and OSCE
  • To be able to analyse the international value debates (Western values vs. Asian values, Western values vs. Islamic values

Teaching methods

Lectures, discussions, student presentations and writing component.

Course Organization

The Course Organisers are Johannes Chudoba, Asel Abdieva, European Studies Department, American University of Central Asia, Bishkek (,, )

The writing component in German language is provided by Diana Arykbaeva, European Studies Department, American University of Central Asia, Bishkek ( )

Credits: 6

Requirements and Assessment of the course

The students are required to write a text summary in German language (1/2 - 1 page) and to present the text in class in German language (advanced learners will be given a text in German language).

Each student is required once to write minutes of the class (1-2 pages) in German language related to one of the topics of the course.

The students are required to write an essay in German language (1500 words) and it should be presented in class and agreed with the lecturer in advance.

Changes to the syllabus

Additional assessments will not be added to the syllabus; however we reserve the right to alter reading or/and topics to meet the needs of the students taking the course. Additional readings may be scheduled if they relate to current developments in the region(s). Additional readings in German language will be provided taking into account the proficiency of the students.


Students are expected to think for themselves and to express themselves in their own words. In that limited sense their work should be original. It must not be plagiarised. Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s thoughts or words without attribution. Plagiarism is an offence against Academy Rules and leads to the failure of the course (F grade).

For any written assessment the AUCA Essay Writing and Anti-plagiarism Rules apply. In addition, students should submit a statement certifying that the paper has been written independently, that no assistance and source other than those stated has been used and that quotations have been marked as such.


All students enrolled for the course are required to attend all seminars. A register of attendance at any meeting of the class will be taken.


Ours is a large class, which means that all of the usual elements of academic courtesy – that you turn up on time to class, that you listen when the Course Organiser or one of your peers is talking, that you hand in work on time – become all the more important to the functioning of the class. Students absent without good reason, constantly late in person or with their work, have ‘negative participation’ in class will be dropped from the class (F grade).


Attendance & participation                                25%

Minutes & text summary                                             25%

Presentation & Essay                                         25%

Writing in the discipline                                              25%

Reading materials

Each class has a reading assignment indicated below. The students are required to prepare the assignments before the class in order to take part in the discussion.

Concerns about progress

It is the policy of the course that students worried about progress in individual subjects may discuss their work (including, in broad terms, how they went wrong in units of assessment) with the Course Organiser. Students worried about progress in writing may discuss their work during the Writing in the Discipline component by Diana Arykbaeva (30 min. per student per week).

Special needs

Students with special needs are encouraged to bring this information to the attention (in confidence) of the Course Organiser and Head of the Department.

Course schedule

Week          Date           Subject                                                                        

1                 02.09.14              Introduction

                   04.09.14              Introduction: Key concepts                               


2                 09.09.14              Values and family values: wedding photographs analyzed

                   11.09.14              Values and family values                                   

3                 16.09.14              Values of social groups: students

                   18.09.14              Values of social groups: students                      


4                 23.09.14              Values and EU enlargement

                   25.09.14              Democratic legitimacy in the EU                       

The EU as a community of values

5                 30.09.14              The EU as a community of values: Values and EU identity

                   02.10.14              The EU as a community of values: EU social dimension              

6                 07.10.14              The EU as a community of values: Evolution of values in External action

                   09.10.14              The EU as a community of values: Common Foreign and Security Policy

7                 14.10.14              The EU as a community of values: Trade and development policy

                   16.10.14              The EU as a community of values: Regional and inter-regional cooperation

8                 21.10.14              The EU as a community of values: Values and EU’s position in the world

                                      Midterm review and exam

                   23.10.14              Kurman Ait (no class, independent study)        


9                 28.10.14              Day of March Revolution

                   30.10.14              Day of April Revolution

10               04.11.14              Day of Revolution in Ukraine

                   06.11.14              OSCE: The role of the OSCE in setting and safeguarding values        

11               11.11.14              OSCE: Protection of Minorities                        

                   13.11.14              OSCE: HCRM                                                  

European values and values of other civilizations and major partners

12              18.11.14              Communist values

                   20.11.14              Values in the relationship between EU and Russia     

13               25.11.14              Islamic values

                   27.11.14              European and Islamic values                            

14               02.12.14              Asian values                                                      

                   04.12.14              European and Asian values                               

15               09.12.14              Central Asian values

                   11.12.14              European and Central Asian values                  

                   16.12.14              Final Exams

                   18.01.12              Final grades due date

Schedule of Classes:

Week 1: Introduction

Asian and European values will be discussed.

Key categories

      Values, universal values;

      Asian and European values;

      European values;

      Rationality, secularity, democracy, rule of law.

Week 2: Values and family values

Asian and European family values will be discussed. Weeding photographs will be analyzed.

Key categories

      Values, universal values;

      Family values.


Basic Texts:

Acock, Alan, C. / Bengtson, Vern, L. (1978): On the Relative Influence of Mothers and Fathers: A Covariance Analysis of Political and Religious Socialization. In: Journal of Marriage and Family, 40. Jg., Heft 3, S. 519-530.

ALL_Spates, James, L. (1983): The Sociology of Values. In: Annual Review of Sociology, Vol., p. 27-49.

ALL_Hitlin, Steven / Piliavin, Jane, Allyn (2004): Values: Reviving a Dormant Concept. In: Annual Review of Sociology, 30. Jg., S. 359-393.

Inglehart, Ronald / Baker, Wayne, E. (2000): Modernization, Cultural Change, and Persistence of Traditional Values. In: American Sociological Review, 65. Jg., Heft 1, Looking Forward, Looking Back:Continuity and Change at the Turn of the Millenium,       S. 19-51.

Irwin, Sarah (2003): Interdependencies, values and the reshaping of difference: gender and generation at the birth of twentieth-century modernity. In: British Journal of Sociology, 54. Jg., Heft 4, S. 565-584.

McBroom, William, H. / Reed, Fred, W. / Burns, Clarence, E. / u.a. (1985): Intergenerational Transmission of Values: A Data-Based Reassessment. In: Social Psychology Quarterly, 48. Jg., Heft 2, S. 150-163.

Wright, James, D. / Wright, Sonia, R. (1976): Social Class and Parental Values for Children: A Partial Replication and Extension of the Kohn Thesis. In: American Sociological Review, 41. Jg., Heft 3, S. 527-537.

Week 3: Values of social groups: students

Values of students, values at Kyrgyz institutions of higher learning.

Key categories

      cultural unity;

      civilization(s).


Basic Texts:

Kim, Bryan, S., K. / Park, Yong, S. (2008): Asian and European American Cultural Values and Communication Styles Among Asian American and European American College Students. In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 14. Jg., Heft 1, p. 47–56.

Week 4: Clash of Civilizations

Research question: Why the next conflict is more likely to happen along cultural lines?


Key categories

      cultural unity;

      civilization(s).


Basic Texts:

Huntington, Samuel P. (1993): ‘Clash of civilizations?’ In: Foreign Affairs, Vol 72, No 3, p 42.

Bugge, Peter (2000): Asia and the Idea of Europe - Europe and its Others. In: Asian Values and Vietnam’s Development in Comparative Perspective, S. 3-13.

Davis, Darren, W. / Dowley, Kathleen, M. / Silver, Brian, D. (1999): Postmaterialism in World Societies: Is It Really a Value Dimension? In: American Journal of Political Science, 43. Jg., Heft 3, S. 935-962.

McCabe, Donald, L. / Dukerich, Janet, M. / Dutton, Jane (1993): Values and Moral Dilemmas: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. In: Business Ethics Quarterly, 3. Jg., Heft 2, S. 117-130.

Additional recommended literature:

Huntington, Samual P. (1996): Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. Simon&Schuster.

Week 5: The EU as a community of values: Values and EU identity, social cohesion

Where are the sources of European Values?

Key categories

      Origins and evolution of European values;

      religious values.


Basic Texts:

European Commission (2007): Special Eurobarometer 278: European Cultural Values.

The perfect European. In: Atlas of European Values. URL: Stand: 24.08.2012.

Eichinger, Franz (2009): Common Values as a Source for EU Identity Formation. In: Working Papers Centre for German and European Studies (CGES), 2. Jg.

Otto, Viviane, Louisa (2011): European Values, National Anxieties? How Multilayered Networks Promote Higher Education in Europe. In: Jong, Janny de / Megens, Ine / Waal, Margriet van der: Walking the Tightrope: Europe between Europeanisation and Globalisation. Selected papers presented at the European Studies Intensive programme 2010, University of Groningen. Groningen, S. 143-160.

Schwartz, Shalom, H. / Huismans, Sipke (1995): Value Priorities and Religiosity in Four Western Religions. In: Social Psychology Quarterly, 58. Jg., Heft 2, S. 88-107.

Toggenburg, Gabriel N. (2004): The Debate on European Values and the Case of Cultural Diversity. In: 1 European Diversity and Autonomy Papers – EDAP (2004), at:

Additional recommended literature:

Barraclough, G., European Unity in Thought and Action, Oxford 1963

Benoît-Rohmer F. and Klebes H., Council of Europe Law – Towards a pan-European Legal Area

Chalmers D., Hadjiemmanuil C., Monti G., Tomkin A., European Union Law, Text and Materials, Cambridge 2006

Hill L. and Smith M., International Relations and the EU, Oxford 2005

McCormick J., Understanding the European Union – A Concise Introduction, 3rd edition, New York 2005

Mikkeli H., Europe as an Idea and an Identity, 1998

Rietbergen P., A Cultural History of Europe

Week 6: The EU as a community of values: Evolution of values in External action, Common Foreign and Security Policy

Key categories

      ;

      .


Basic Texts:

Lucarelli S., Manners I. (2006): Values and Principles in European Union Foreign Policy, London/ New York 2006

Additional recommended literature:

Lucarelli S., Manners I. (2006): Values and Principles in European Union Foreign Policy, London/ New York 2006

Week 7: The EU as a community of values: Trade and development policy; regional and inter-regional cooperation


Key categories

      Business ethics;

      Code of conduct.


Basic Texts:

Scott, Elizabeth, D. (2002): Organizational Moral Values. In: Business Ethics Quarterly, 12. Jg., Heft 1, S. 33-55.

Week 8: The EU as a community of values: Values and EU’s position in the world

Key categories

      Community of values;

      Unity in diversity.


Basic Texts:

Schuman, Howard (1972): Attitudes vs. Actions Versus Attitudes vs. Attitudes. In: The Public         Opinion Quarterly, 36. Jg., Heft 3, S. 347-354.

Week 9: The Council of Europe: promoting European values, the European Convention of Human Rights

Key categories

      Human rights: universal or western concept;

      the European Convention of Human Rights.


Basic Texts:

Boswell, Christina (2000): European Values and the Asylum Crisis. In: International Affairs 76. Jg., Heft 3, S. 537-557

Additional recommended literature:

Jacobs F. G. and White, The European Convention on Human Rights, 4th edition, Oxford 2006

Peers S. and Ward A., The European Charter of Fundamental Rights, Oxford 2004

Week 10+11: OSCE: Protection of Minorities, HCRM

Key categories

      minority rights as a societal value;

      tolerance.


Basic Texts:

Peffley, Mark / Knigge, Pia/ Hurwitz, Jon (2001): A Multiple Values Model of Political Tolerance. In: Political Research Quarterly, 54. Jg., Heft 2 S. 379-406.

Week 12: Communist values, values in the relationship between EU and Russia

Key categories

      communist ideals and soviet values.


Basic Texts:

Schwartz, Shalom, H. / Bardi, Anat (1997): Influences of Adaptation to Communist Rule on Value Priorities in Eastern Europe. In: Political Psychology, 18. Jg., Heft 2, Special Issue: Culture and Cross-Cultural Dimensions of Political Psychology, S. 385-410.

Smith, Graham (1999): The Masks of Proteus: Russia, Geopolitical Shift and the New Eurasianism. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 24. Jg., Heft 4, S. 481-494.

Week 13: Islamic values, European and Islamic values

Key categories

      Hofstede's Cultural Values Framework;

      Islamic values.


Basic Texts:

Brown, Peter (1974): "Mohammed and Charlemagne" by Henri Pirenne. In: Daedalus, 103. Jg., Heft 1, S. 25-33.

Kirkman, Bradley, L. / Lowe, Kevin, B. / Gibson, Cristina, B. (2006): A Quarter Century of "Culture's Consequences": A Review of Empirical Research Incorporating Hofstede's Cultural Values Framework. In: Journal of International Business Studies, 37. Jg., Heft 3, S. 285-320.

Week 14: Asian values, European and Asian values

Key categories

      Asian values debate;

      buddhism.


Basic Texts:

Hong-jong, Lee (2003): Development, Crisis, and Asian Values. In: East Asian Review, 15. Jg., Heft 2, S. 27-42.

Jones, David, Martin (1997): Asian Values and the Constitutional Order of Contemporary Singapore. In: Constitutional Political Economy, 8. Jg., S. 283–300.

Kisala, Robert (1999): Asian values study. In: Bulletin of the Nanzan Institute for   Religion and culture, 23. Jg., S. 59-73.

Langguth, Gerd (2003): Asian values revisited 1. In: Asia Europe Journal, 1. Jg., S. 25–42.

Thompson, Mark (2000): The survival of ``Asian values'' as ``Zivilisationskritik''. In: Theory and Society, 29. Jg., S.651-686.

Thompson, Mark, R. (2004): Pacific Asia after 'Asian Values': Authoritarianism, Democracy, and 'Good Governance'. In: Third World Quarterly, 25. Jg., Heft 6, S. 1079-1095.

Whitcomb, Laura, L. / Erdener, Carolyn, B. / Li, Cheng (1998): Business Ethical Values in China and the U.S. In: Journal of Business Ethics, 17. Jg., Heft 8, S. 839-852.

Additional recommended literature:

Huntington, Samual P. (1996): Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. Simon&Schuster.

Week 15: Central Asian values, European and Central Asian values

Key categories

      nomadic values and society;

      tribal values and society.


Basic Texts:

will be added

Additional recommended literature:

will be added


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